of Home Improvements
*Painting a Room*
I have found over the years that the most difficult thing about painting a room is choosing the color. There certainly are enough colors to choose from. Even after the color has been chosen it will look a little different depending on the lighting in the room and the finish of the paint. People have many times told me that was not the color I chose or they must have mixed it wrong at the paint store.
After you choose
the color you will have to choose the finish.
Typically, a gallon of paint will cover about 400 square feet. Measure the areas that you will be painting each color or finish and divide it by 400. Remember that you will be putting TWO coats of paint on all painted surfaces. In very rare circumstances will you be able to use one coat and have it look good!
What tools you will need for this project:
Clear out the room. Sometimes this is easier said than done. If you cant get everything out of the room move it to one spot and cover with a drop cloth. Cover the rest of the walls with drop cloths to protect the floors. Remove all outlet and switch covers, doorknobs and window hardware. Blue painters tape is good to cover hinges and the floor next to carpeting
Now that you have everything together for the project you can start on the prep. THE BETTER YOU DO THE PREP WORK THE BETTER YOUR ROOM WILL LOOK.
Find all the nail pops, dings, holes cracks, etc and repair them. Depending on the condition of the room you may need to wait a day for spackle repairs to dry so they may be sanded smooth. For cracks and gaps on moldings I scrape out the loose paint and clean it out. I use a good quality caulking to fill the gaps. When you are happy with the repairs to your walls you can start spreading some paint!
I need a primer?
If you buy an expensive high-quality paint; you expect it to stick around
for a while. However, high-quality paint is formulated to work with a
primer. Primers allow the paint to grip better and stay around longer.
Sure, they may cost a little more up front, but primers will save you
money (and time) in the long run. When you purchase primer, make sure
you purchase the right kind for the job. New construction and patched
or repaired areas will need to be primed before painting. Priming seals
the surface and helps the paint cover more evenly. If you are painting
a pre-finished surface that has high gloss paint, prime it before re-painting.
A semi gloss or glossy paint is usually used on the trim, doors, and moldings. I like to paint the trim with a 2" cutting brush. I find it gives me a little more control, especially in tight areas. It's ok to get trim paint on the walls, but not the carpet. Blue painters tape on the carpet helps to protect it. Let the first coat dry before you apply the second coat. Long even strokes will give you the best finish when dry. Too much paint at one time will cause drips that will look really ugly.
Painting the walls
Cut in tight to all the trim and moldings. If your hand is not real steady, you can put blue painters tape on the trim and moldings. Remember that if your tape is not put on straight your paint line won't be straight either. Cut in twice staying close to the trim and moldings and two or three inches into the wall. As always let the paint dry between coats.
Set up a fresh roller and paint tray just like you did for the ceiling. Put the color on with long smooth strokes. Roll over each section until the paint is nice and smooth. When the first coat is dry you can apply the second coat.
Some paint colors will require additional coats. Dark colors do not cover as well as light colors. I know it doesn't make sense but its true. When using a dark color a tinted primer may help the color to cover. Some real deep reds, blues, and greens may need several coats. There is nothing wrong with the paint; it's the color that you chose.
After all paint is dry examine your work and apply touch ups as required
Wash and clean your tools so that you will be ready for the next room. Latex paint cleans up with warm water. Oil based paints require mineral spirits. Close up your paint cans and label them so you can find the right one if you need it again. Store them in a basement or storage room. If you store them in a garage or shed they could freeze causing them to be ruined. It's also a good idea to keep a record of the different colors you have used and where you used them.